Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease that primarily affects the tissues surronding the teeth. Periodontitis is generally a slow growing problem with minor symptoms. Untreated it might eventually cause tooth loss. Often the severe symptoms are not shown until the very last stagestage, in the form of swollen gum, bleeding, pain and loose teeth.
Signs of periodontal disease
The following signs may indicate the beginning of a periodontal disease: (Note that periodontal disease does not always produce symptoms.)
- Easy Bleeding and sore gums
- The gums between the teeth change
- Swollen gums
- Recurring bad breath
- Teeth feel loose
Tartar, poor oral hygiene, smoking, stress, hereditary factors and some diseases are all factors that may cause an accelerated progress
Healthy gum does not bleed
A healthy tooth has a root completely surrounded by bone. Gum that is healthy does not bleed when being cleaned. If plaque is left around the teeth the gum will become inflamed, then It darkens in color and bleeds easily, itches and cannot embrace the tooth in a good way.
Tartar – a threat
Plaque is a layer of bacteria and food particles that constantly is forming in your mouth. With a proper cleaning the plaque is removed. Remaining plaque together with the saliva forms tartar, (calcification) In order to remove tartar you need a dentist or dental hygienist. Old plaque and tartar can spread between the gum and the tooth top. Tartar can also exceed underneath the gum.
How to treat periodontitis
You can do a major part of the treatment at home just by keeping a good oral hygiene. In addition, we recommend regularly visits with us for deep cleanings, not only the teeth, but also underneath the gumline. Of course, we offer anesthesia if you think it feels uncomfortable. We carry out regular checks ups of your teeth, gums and pockets around them. Periodontal disease is chronic and cannot be cured, but with a good oral hygiene and regular visits the progress can be stopped and further damage be prevented.